Clean Energy vs Green Energy: What’s the Difference?

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You have probably heard the terms clean and green when talking about energy sources. They may have even been used interchangeably. But did you know that they have two different meanings? To make informed decisions about how we generate our energy, we must identify the differences, benefits, and drawbacks of both clean and green energy.
Clean energy is the generation of energy that does not produce greenhouse gas emissions. Green energy is the generation of energy from infinite sources that does not produce carbon emissions or negatively impact the environment. Knowing their differences can help combat our current climate crisis.

Both clean and green energy sources are sustainable energy options to replace fossil fuels (e.g. coal and natural gas). So how do we tell the difference between them? Which energy sources are classified as clean? Green? Both? Below we will define both terms and have a look at which of the six major non-fossil energy sources fall into each category.

How Are Clean Energy and Green Energy Defined
The end goal of fossil fuel (e.g., coal and oil) alternatives is to reduce the effects of global warming by limiting global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. And clean and green energy are no exception.

What Does the Dictionary Say About Clean Energy and Green Energy
Both clean and green energy have the same end goals of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and combating global climate change. But there are still some differences between these two.

“Clean Energy: energy, as electricity or nuclear power, that does not pollute the atmosphere when used, as opposed to coal and oil”

Collins Dictionary
Clean energy is derived from processes that do not release GHG emissions into the atmosphere.

“Green Energy: energy that can be produced in a way that protects the natural environment, for example by using wind, water, or the sun”

Cambridge Dictionary

Green energy is a subset of renewable energy that includes a zero-emissions profile and carbon footprint reductions to provide the highest environmental benefit.

Both clean and green energy sources do not emit GHGs, but only green energy sources have the added benefits of being renewable and not negatively impacting the environment.

What Do These Differences Mean
Clean energy and green energy have different ramifications on our environment because of the nuances in their definitions:

If energy is only clean but NOT green: the generation of energy does not produce GHGs (or other pollution), but either the resource is non-renewable and/or it has negative effects on the environment.

If energy is only green but NOT clean: This category does not exist because all green energy is by definition also clean energy. Green energy is renewable, does not emit GHGs, and does not harm the environment, while clean energy “only” does not emit GHGs (but may have a finite resource supply or harm the environment).

Essentially, clean energy means zero GHG emissions, without determining whether the resource is renewable or can potentially harm the environment. Green energy is renewable and neither pollutes the atmosphere nor harms the environment.

What Are the Differences and Similarities Between Clean Energy and Green Energy
The best way to lower your carbon footprint is to choose energy sources that are both clean AND renewable.

Both Clean and Green Energy include Solar, Wind, Geothermal & Low-Impact Hydropower

Clean but not Green: Nuclear

All Green Energy is Clean Energy

Renewable energy that is neither Clean nor Green:
Large Hydropower Biomass

Classifying an energy source as clean, green, both, or neither requires an in-depth look at the longevity of the resource, the carbon emissions profile, and its impact on the environment.

Which Energies are Both Clean Energy and Green Energy
If energy is both clean AND green, the generation of energy does not produce GHGs or harm the environment, and the resource is renewable.

Solar Energy: photovoltaic cells in solar panels absorb energy from sunlight, creating an electrical charge that moves in response to an internal electric field in the cell and creates electricity. This process is renewable because the sun will continue to emit energy until it goes supernova. It is also clean because no GHGs are emitted during operation. Following proper disposal methods of hazardous chemicals associated with PVCs and placing solar panels in less populated areas or on top of buildings minimizes any negative environmental impacts, making it a green energy source.

Wind Energy: wind turns the blades of wind turbines around a rotor, which spins a generator to generate electricity. This process is renewable because as long as the wind blows, wind power can be harnessed. It is also clean because no GHGs are emitted during its operation. Land use, wildlife impact, and public health concerns are mitigated by proper planning and siting of wind farms, making it a green energy source.

Geothermal Energy: drilling down to hot water reservoirs creates steam that rotates a turbine, which spins a generator to generate electricity. This process is renewable because the Earth has an almost unlimited supply of heat generated by its core, and the water extracted from the reservoirs can be recycled via re-injection into the ground. It is also clean because although it does release minute amounts of carbon dioxide, the amount is very small. Negative environmental impacts are minimized by only drilling to shallow depths, siting power plants away from major fault lines, and properly disposing of hazardous waste captured by the scrubbers, making it a green energy source.

Low-Impact Hydropower: projects that generate 10 MW or less of power. Flowing water turns turbines, which spins a generator to generate electricity. This process is renewable because the water cycle is a continuous process that recharges itself. It is also clean because, on a small scale, hydropower produces very few GHGs. Installing small turbines in irrigation canals, water-treatment plant outfalls, and existing hydroelectric facilities mitigates emissions and environmental impact, making it a green energy source.

Solar, wind, geothermal, and low-impact hydropower are all examples of BOTH green and clean energy because their generation does not produce GHG emissions or harm the environment, and their resource supply renewable.

Which Energies Are Only Clean Energy But Not Green Energy
If energy is only clean but NOT green, the generation of energy does not produce GHGs, but it is either nonrenewable or negatively impacts the environment.

Nuclear Energy: in nuclear fission, an enormous amount of energy is released when electromagnetic radiation is used to split the nucleus of a uranium atom (U-235). The process of nuclear fission is clean because it does not produce GHG emissions, but nuclear energy is not green because it does require mining, extraction, and long-term radioactive waste storage which are threats to the environment. It is also not renewable because there is a finite supply of U-235, the uranium isotope used in nuclear power plants, on Earth. We have already used up most of our U-235 because it has a half-life of about 700 million years.
Nuclear energy is clean because the generation of energy does not produce GHGs. It is not green though because mining, extraction, and long-term radioactive waste storage are threats to the environment, and U-235 is a nonrenewable resource.

Which Renewable Energies Are Neither Clean Nor Green
If energy is NEITHER clean NOR green, the energy source is either nonrenewable, produces GHG emissions, harms the environment, or all of the above. They are still important in the fight against climate change though, as we will see later on! Below are the energy sources that are neither clean nor green.

Biomass: Wood, agricultural crops, biogenic materials, animal manure, and human sewage contain stored chemical energy from the sun which is burned for heat or converted to fuel. It is not clean because the combustion of biomass materials releases sequestered carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and sulfur oxides in the biomass material into the atmosphere. Albeit, the amount released is much less than is released from fossil fuels. It is also not green because the biomass industry is responsible for clearcutting forests and reducing both plant and animal biodiversity.
Large Hydropower: facilities that have a capacity of more than 30 megawatts (MW). Flowing water turns turbines, which spins a generator to generate electricity. This process is not clean because the construction of large hydroelectric facilities and biomass decomposition in the reservoirs produces GHG emissions (e.g. carbon dioxide and methane), although the rate of emissions is much lower than that of fossil fuels. It is also not green because large dams that create reservoirs can obstruct fish migration, alter the water temperature and chemistry, and flood out adjacent lands.

Just because an energy source is neither clean nor green, doesn’t mean we should discount it as a replacement for fossil fuels. Biomass and large hydropower are both renewable energies. Implementing technology to reduce the level of GHG emissions and protect the environment can increase their viability as fossil-fuel substitutes.

Why Is it Important to Differentiate Difference Between Clean and Green Energy
Understanding and differentiating between the benefits and drawbacks of clean and green energy is important when discussing their implications on our environment.

Clean Energy
Benefits: No GHG emissions, non-polluting.
Drawbacks: Some have Intermittent production, geographic limitations, or nuclear waste byproducts

Green Energy
Benefits: Reduces carbon footprint, air pollution, and water environmental impacts; infinite energy supply; promotes decentralization; potentially no GHG emissions and non-polluting.

Drawbacks: High up-front cost; some have intermittent production, geographic limitations, lower quantities of energy produced

Clean energy does not produce GHG emissions, or any other environmental pollution, which aids in the fight against global climate change. However, clean energy possesses geographic limitations and offers intermittent production peaks depending on weather conditions (that could highly benefit from a smart grid). Also, when it comes to nuclear energy, safe storage and containment of nuclear waste byproducts (radioactive waste) is a big and still unsolved concern.

Green Energy is a more specific category of renewable energy that provides higher environmental benefits than renewables. It can also reduce carbon footprints, air pollution, and water environmental costs. However, green energy possesses geographic limitations and offers intermittent production peaks depending on weather conditions (that could highly benefit from a smart grid).

Both clean and green energy are an integral part of helping us overcome our current climate crisis. This is why it is important to know the difference between the two!


Clean Energy

Clean Energy is the future.

Windmills and Photovoltaic cells. Some of the sources of future clean energy. Solar panels are getting more efficient, and gradually less expensive, all the time, thanks to ever-better designs which all them to focus the gathered sunlight on a more and more concentrated point. The size of the cells is decreasing as their efficiency rises, meaning that each cell becomes cheaper to produce and at once more productive. As far as the aforementioned cost, the price of producing solar-generated energy per watt hour has come down to $3.00 at the time of this writing. In 2000, it was nearly double that cost.

Solar powered electricity generation is certainly great for the environment, as this alternative form of producing energy emits no emissions into the atmosphere and is merely utilizing one of the most naturally occurring of all things as its driver. Solar cells are becoming more practical. Heating or Cooling, solar can do it. In the case of hot water generation, the system works by having the water encased in the cells, where it is heated and then sent through a distribution system.

Photovoltaic cells are becoming increasingly better at collecting sufficient radiation from the sun even on overcast or stormy days. One company in particular, Uni-Solar, has developed solar collection arrays for the home that work well on inclement days, by way of a technologically more advanced system that stores more energy at one time during sunlit days than previous or other arrays.

There is actually another solar power system available for use called the PV System. The PV System is connected to the nearest electrical grid; whenever there is an excess of solar energy being collected at a particular home, it is transferred to the grid for shared use and as a means of lowering the grid’s dependence on the hydroelectrically-driven electricity production. Being connected to the PV System can keep your costs down as compared to full-fledged solar energy, while at once reducing pollution and taking pressure off the grid system. Some areas are designing centralized solar collection arrays for small towns or suburban communities.


Quality of Diesel Fuel

Increased performance is the key factor in design and research in today’s diesel engines. Advancements in fuel economy have been particularly successful in 2019 through today. 2022 has seen the introduction of more and more electric vehicles in the form of trucks, that will compete with the gas combustion engines currently used by the vast majority of fleets, transport and cargo services.

In order to determine the efficiency of a diesel engine, you must begin with quality diesel fuel. Diesel fuel is unlike conventional gasoline in various ways. Diesel fuel begins to deteriorate as soon as it is produced.

All diesel fuel begins a natural process called oxidation as soon as it is produced. This oxidation process forms a type of varnish which gums up the medium by altering the fuel molecules making them lengthen and bond together. The process can have a deleterious effect on the formula less than 30 days after refining.

This results in what is known as “diesel sludge’ which are an accumulation of the bonded molecules to a degree that they coagulate and drop to the bottom of the tank due to their weight.

The sludge will darken the fuel, cause an unnatural odor and poor performance. Some of the sludge inevitably makes it’s way through components, such as filtration and into the engine causing it to smoke considerably more. This causes decreased fuel economy due to unburnt sludge flying out the exhaust.

The build up of sludge in the fuel systems and tanks will clog the filters causing the engine damage sometimes engine failure.

There is debate on the degree and cause of degradation of fuel. Some believe that with proper storage and management, the sludge can be mitigated by separation and that the fast-paced turn around on shipments is the cause for such poor fuel performance.

With the advent of cost-effective electric trucks now coming to market, the next few years is of incredible interest and importance in the trucking industry. No other industry is more closely tied to energy itself.

Truck drivers have also been of increasing prominence in the news. The Canadian / United States border was recently the scene of one of the most notable civil disobedience campaigns. Truckers from US and Canada both participated in a “blockade” which drew international attention.

What type of energy will be driving transportation for decades ahead will be determined in the very near future.